Coronavirus

Affecting the respiratory tracts of birds and mammals and even humans is the major attack of the coronavirus. Coronavirus generally associate with common cold, bronchitis, pneumonia, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

These viruses are typically responsible for common cough and colds except any serious diseases. However, coronaviruses are can be lead to major fatal diseases like kidney and Liver failure and these types of coronaviruses are known as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

Over the last 70 years, scientists have found that coronaviruses can infect mice, rats, dogs, cats, turkeys, horses, pigs, and cattle. Sometimes, these animals can transmit coronaviruses to humans.

Most recently, authorities identified a new coronavirus outbreak in China that has now reached other countries. It has the name coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19. S0 far, around 20 per cent of confirmed cases have been classed as severe or critical. So far, around 15 to 20 per cent of hospital cases have been classed as “severe” and the current death rate varies between 0.7 per cent and 3.4 per cent depending on the location and, crucially, access to good hospital care.

In this article, we explain the different types of human coronaviruses, top 10 symptoms and preventions of coronavirus.

What is a coronavirus?

The name “coronavirus” comes from the crown-like projections on their surfaces. “Corona” in Latin means “halo” or “crown.”

Researchers first isolated a coronavirus in 1937. They found a coronavirus responsible for an infectious bronchitis virus in birds that had the ability to devastate poultry stocks. In addition, in 2019 the source of the coronavirus is believed to be a “wet market” in Wuhan, which sold both dead and live animals including fish and birds. Such markets pose a heightened risk of viruses jumping from animals to humans because hygiene standards are difficult to maintain if live animals are being kept and butchered on site. Typically, they are also densely packed.

Among humans, coronavirus infections most often occur during the winter months and early spring. People regularly become ill with a cold due to a coronavirus and may catch the same one about 4 months later.

This is because coronavirus antibodies do not last for a long time. Also, the antibodies for one strain of coronavirus may be ineffective against another one.

Symptoms Prevention Coronavirus

Top 10 Symptoms of Coronavirus:

Cold- or flu-like symptoms usually set in from 2–4 days after a coronavirus infection and are typically mild. However, symptoms vary from person-to-person, and some forms of the virus can be fatal.

Main Symptoms include:

  1. Sneezing
  2. Runny nose
  3. Fatigue
  4. Dry Cough and Cold
  5. Shortness of Breath
  6. Body Pain with difficulty in breathing
  7. Fever in rare cases
  8. Sore throat
  9. Exacerbated asthma
  10. Pneumonia

 

The above symptoms cannot be solely define as coronavirus. But these could be the primarily symptoms if the infected person has come in the contact of another infected person or has travelled to a high risk area like China, South Korea and Northern Italy.

As coronavirus cannot easily identify into human in the laboratory unlike the rhinovirus, which is another cause of the common cold. This makes it difficult to gauge the impact of the coronavirus on national economies and public health.

Symptoms are thought to appear between two and 10 days after contracting the virus, but it may be up to 24 days.Most people (about 80 per cent) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. However, around one out of every six people (16 per cent) becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems, lung complaints or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.

Top 10 Prevention of Coronavirus:

There is no simple cure for the new coronavirus, just as there is no cure for the common cold, so treatments include self-care and over-the-counter (OTC) medication. People can take below mentioned top 10 steps that includes:

  1. Carry a hand sanitiser with you to make frequent cleaning of your hands easy.
  2. Always wash your hands before you eat or touch your face.
  3. Be especially careful about touching things and then touching your face in busy airports and other public transport systems.
  4. Carry disposable tissues with you, cover your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze and dispose of the tissue carefully (catch it, bin it, kill it).
  5. Do not share snacks from packets or bowls that others are dipping their fingers into.
  6. Avoid shaking hands or cheek kissing if you suspect viruses are circulating.
  7. Regularly clean not only your hands but also commonly used surfaces and devices you touch or handle.
  8. Resting and avoiding overexertion.
  9. Drinking enough water.
  10. Taking acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen for pain and fever.

 

Children are a major vector for the spread of droplet-based viruses because they interact physically so much with each other and are not the best at keeping themselves clean.

The virus appears to impact older people more commonly but children can be infected and they can get severe illness, the government warns.

However, you can greatly lower the risk that children pose of spreading or catching viruses by:

  1. Explaining to them how germs spread and the importance of good hand and face hygiene.
  2. Keeping household surfaces clean, especially kitchens, bathrooms, door handles and light switches.
  3. Using clean or disposable cloths to wipe surfaces so you don’t transfer germs from one surface to another.
  4. Giving everyone their own towel and making sure they know not to share toothbrushes etc.
  5. Keep your home dry and airy (bugs thrive in musty environments).

You are required to go through the article and take all mentioned precautions and keep yourself and your family safe from infection.